Department of Biotechnology, University of Westminster, London, UK.
In the development of a system for the removal of chlorophenols from aqueous effluents, a range of solid substrates for the growth of Coriolus versicolor were investigated. Substrates included wood chips, cereal grain, wheat husk and wheat bran. Suitability for transformation of chlorophenols depended on laccase production by the fungus. The greatest amount of laccase (<25 Units g(-1) substrate) was produced on wheat husk and wheat bran over 30 days colonisation. Aqueous extracts of laccase from wheat husk and wheat bran cultures removed 100% of 2,4-dichlorophenol (50 ppm) from solution within 5 h and 75-80% of pentachlorophenol (50 ppm) within 24 h. Wheat bran was formulated into pellets with biscuit flour to provide a compact substrate for fungal immobilisation. Addition of 8-12% yeast extract to the pellets increased laccase production five-fold. Colonised pellets were added to chlorophenol solutions in 200-4000-ml bioreactors, resulting in >90% removal of chlorophenols within 100 min.
PMID: 11152077 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]