Nucleases in the autolysis of filamentous fungi.

Reyes F, Villanueva P, Alfonso C.

Microbiología Aplicada, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Madrid, Spain.


RNase and DNase activities were studied in seven fungi of the subdivisions Ascomycotina, Zygomycotina and Basidiomycotina during their autolysis, and extracellular and intracellular RNase and DNase were found. RNase specific activity reached higher levels than DNase specific activity in the culture liquid and mycelial extract, except in Aspergillus nidulans. Generally maximal RNase specific activities were observed at the onset of autolysis in the culture liquid. In the mycelial extract an increase in this activity with the incubation time was observed, except in A. nidulans and Coriolus versicolor. The highest values of DNase specific activities were found at the third day of autolysis in A. nidulans culture liquid and at the thirtieth day of autolysis in Schizophyllum commune mycelial extract. A possible relationship between the culture liquid pH during the autolysis of the studied fungi and the levels of DNase specific activity was observed.

PMID: 2379813 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]