Stimulation by PSK of interleukin-1 production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

Sakagami H, Sugaya K, Utsumi A, Fujinaga S, Sato T, Takeda M.

First Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan.


PSK (Krestin), a protein-bound polysaccharide extracted from Coriolus versicolor, stimulated the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells more efficiently than the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). More IL-1 alpha was accumulated in the cells than in the medium fraction, whereas IL-1 beta was distributed evenly into both fractions. PSK stimulated the production of adherent mononuclear cells, in which significantly higher amounts of IL-1 alpha/IL-1 beta were accumulated per cell than in nonadherent cells. Although IL-1 alpha mRNA synthesis (assessed by Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction) was slightly enhanced, IL-1 beta mRNA synthesis was not significantly changed by PSK treatment. This suggests that PSK might increase the efficiency of IL-1 mRNA translation or the posttranslational processing of IL-1 protein. Despite potent cytokine-inducing activity, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) did not significantly stimulate the production of adherent cells. These data suggest that PSK and LPS might stimulate mononuclear cells by different mechanisms.

PMID: 8317896 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]