Arylglycerol-gamma-Formyl Ester as an Aromatic Ring Cleavage Product of Nonphenolic beta-O-4 Lignin Substructure Model Compounds Degraded by Coriolus versicolor.

Kawai S, Umezawa T, Higuchi T.

Research Section of Lignin Chemistry, Wood Research Institute, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611, Japan.


4-Ethoxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol-gamma-formyl ester (compound IV) was identified as a degradation product of both 4-ethoxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol-beta-syringaldehyde ether (compound I) and 4-ethoxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol-beta-2,6-dimethoxyphenyl ether (compound II) by a ligninolytic culture of Coriolus versicolor. An isotopic experiment with a C-labeled compound (compound II’) indicated that the formyl group of compound IV was derived from the beta-phenoxyl group of beta-O-4 dimer as an aromatic ring cleavage fragment. However, compound IV was not formed from 4-ethoxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol-beta-guaiacyl ether (compound III). gamma-Formyl arylglycerol (compound IV) could be a precursor of 4-ethoxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol (compound VI), because 3-(4-ethoxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-formyloxy propane (compound VII) was cleaved to give 3-(4-ethoxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-propanol (compound VIII) by C. versicolor. 4-Ethoxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol-beta,gamma-cyclic carbonate (compound V), previously found as a degradation product of compound III by Phanerochaete chrysosporium (T. Umezawa, and T. Higuchi, FEBS Lett., 25:123-126, 1985), was also identified from the cultures with compound I, II, and III and degraded to give the arylglycerol (compound VI). An isotopic experiment with C-labeled compounds II’ and III’ indicated that the carbonate carbon of compound V was derived from the beta-phenoxyl groups of beta-O-4 substructure.

PMID: 16346950 [PubMed]PMCID: PMC238788